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Monday, 05 March 2012 15:10

handout-notes-theories of development

Written by David Sheppard
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Focused on children as active learners who construct their learning- Children go through  cognitive stages of development-

Focused on the influence of social interaction and culture on learning- Adults scaffold a child’s learning through the process of guided participation

Held that children go through stages of social/emotional development- At each stage is a social /emotional tasks/issue the child is working with and at each stage the child is vulnerable to negative consequences if their needs are not met-

Hold that children are at the center of surrounding social systems, and affect the child- The micro ( the child’s immediate relationships such as with parents and friends—The Messo ( connection between micro relationships, such as parent and teacher) The Macro – institutions of society such as parents workplace, health care facilities, government agencies,   and Macro-the larger values of society such a individual freedom/liberty/justice for all )

Held that there is a hierarchy of needs- the basic needs must be met before we can focus on higher order behavior , such as caring for others, understanding your ultimate purpose.

Researcher who concluded that children go through stages of Moral development: Pre-Conventional         ( focus on reward and punishment_/ Conventional ( focus on rules/laws in a rigid manner)/Post Conventional ( focus on higher order principles that may go against the rules/law)

Maslow,,,, Piaget,,,, Erikson,,,,, Vygotsky,,,, Ecological Model,,,, Kohlberg

Cognitive theory /Constructionist theory



Hierarchy of Needs                                                                

Ecological model

Kohlberg’s theory of moral development