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Wednesday, 18 April 2012 15:45

take home 7-8

Written by David Sheppard
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Chapter 7 – Health, Safety, and Well-Being

1.       Research shows that the number of American children who are obese or overweight has decline since the 1970’s:

          a.   True

          b.   False

3.       NASPE recommends preschoolers have about 60 minutes of daily structured physical activity and at least 60 minutes of daily unstructured physical activity.

          a.   True

b.      False

4.      The most effective way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases is to clean and sanitize surfaces every week.

a.       True

b.      False

5.     The regularly scheduled routines of the day are important for meeting the basic needs of children and help them feel psychologically safe, but they do little to advance children's social, physical and cognitive competence.

          a.   True

b.   False

6.       A 3-year-old child who is not using the toilet independently and reliably should cause the teacher and family concern.

         a.   True

         b.   False

7.      To encourage children to broaden their food horizons, teachers should serve a variety of healthy foods and offer children a little of everything. If children refuse some food items, teachers should respect their preferences rather than insisting children try everything.

          a.   True

          b.   False

8.       Childhood obesity is of growing concern with approximately 30% of children

          either overweight or obese.

          a.   True                                  b.                False

9.       A child’s sense of well-being has to do with the child feeling safe and healthy.

          a.   True                                  b.                False

10.     To prepare for kindergarten, throughout their last year in preschool, children should

         practice activities such as standing in lines, raising hands before speaking,

         doing worksheets, and other seatwork.

a.       True                                   b             .False

Chapter 7 – Health, Safety, and Well-Being

1.       T/F: Our texts recommends that a preschool teacher never touch a child.

2.      The most effective and important practice to prevent the spread of disease is to

       a.   serve snack foods that are prepackaged and not highly perishable.

       b.   limit children’s opportunities to play with bacteria-harboring materials such as

              sand and water.

 c.   make sure toilets are flushed and sinks are sanitized regularly.

 d.   use proper handwashing procedures and teach children when and how to wash

        their hands as well.

4.      The foundation for making healthy food choices begins at an early age. Teachers can encourage this by

a.         making sure children begin with a little bit of each type of food on their plate at each meal.

b.        offering a very low-fat diet.

c.         providing some processed food that is convenient to prepare along with fruits and vegetables.

d.        offering snacks and treats only as a reward for children who finish their healthy food first.

5.       To ease the stress of a child who is just entering your program it is best if

          a.   family members bid the child farewell and depart promptly so the child does not become confused and anxious and cling to the family member who must eventually leave anyway.

          b.   the child visits the program first, then has a familiar adult or family member stay through all or part of the first few days.

         

6.      Comfort objects provide a security bridge between home and school,

          a.   but are no longer considered appropriate in early childhood programs because they can be a source of the bacteria that causes communicable diseases.

          b.   but have fallen out of favor because they tend to prolong the time it takes for children to begin feeling secure and trustful of the program and the new people.

          c.   and early childhood educators recognize how important these very personal possessions are in the separation process.

d.  but are discouraged because they undermine the educational goals of the program because children spend time playing with and fighting over them.

7.       Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) deaths decrease when babies are put to

          sleep:

          a.   with a pacifier.                 b.                on their backs.

          c.    without a pillow.             d.    on their tummies.

8        According to NAEYC standards for child-staff ratios and group size, a classroom for 4-year-old children for health, safety, and optimal learning will NOT have more than

          a.   20 children

          b.   30 children

          c.   15 children

9       Toilet learning is an important skill children typically learn during the toddler and preschool years. Early childhood programs can help facilitate toilet learning by

a.        encouraging children to sit on the potty until something comes out.

b.        offering pull-ups as an alternative to training pants during the transitional phase.

c.        installing child-sized toilets or sturdy step stools so children can easily maneuver onto toilets.

d.       telling parents when to begin toileting.

10      Children who ingest or inhale even small amounts of lead are at risk for:

a.       decreased bone and muscle growth.

b.      developmental delays.

c.       behavior and learning problems.

d.      all of the above.

11.     The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) recommends:

        a.   daily physical activity for all children.

     b.  toddlers and preschoolers not be sedentary for more than an hour

          c.  daily times of structured and nonstructured physical activity for toddlers and

               preschoolers.

          d.  all of the above.

 Please name and describe the two main forms of maltreatment discussed in class, and please provide 2 examples of each

Chapter 8 – The Learning Environment

1.       Young children are learning all the time. The materials in an early childhood environment can be considered the child’s “textbook.” The environment is a powerful tool for learning.

          a.   True  b.False

2.       Block play can contribute to motor coordination, strength development and enhance imagination but is very limited in its contribution to learning cognitive concepts and how to read and write.

          a.    True

          b.    False

3.      The various types of manipulative toys in a Toys and Games center include building toys, puzzles and fit-together toys, collections of materials, and concept games.

a.       True

b.      False

4.       A writing center would be inappropriate in a classroom for older 3-year-olds and young 4-year-olds because they are not yet ready to learn how to write.

          a.   True                             b.  False

5.       Computers are especially valuable in an early childhood program because they provide drill and practice on skills and concepts children need to master before they will be able to use math concepts and be able to read and write.

          a.   True

          b.   False

6.

The concept of play areas that contribute to different kinds of learning applies mostly to indoor environments. Outdoor environments are primarily designed for active play and the development of physical skills.

a.       True

b.      False

7.      Space for seclusion is a must in an early childhood environment. Children who are in group care for long hours may need safe spaces to be alone.

a.       True

b.      False

8.       TV and videos can be used carefully in both programs for infants and toddlers as well as preschoolers.

          a.    True          b    False           

Chapter 8 – The Learning Environment

1.       Which is NOT one of the design principles to consider when creating indoor environments?

a.       provide more space for blocks, manipulative toys, and dramatic play.

b.      allow for only clean activities inside. Messy activities can take place outdoors.

c.       separate noisy areas from quiet areas.

d.      avoid pathways that create long corridors and racetracks.

2.       The best approach to decorating an environment for young children is to

          a.   use lots of bold, bright primary colors (red, blue, yellow) throughout the room to stimulate the children.

          b.   take advantage of the many commercial materials designed especially for early childhood programs because they are bright and decorative and usually help children learn important concepts.

          c.   select soft, light, neutral colors for walls, natural wood finishes for furnishings and attractively display children's artwork and items of beauty throughout the room.

3.       Props for the dramatic play area should include

          a.   items directly related to the culture and daily life of the children in the group.

b.      only items that reflect typical home life like a stove and sink.

c.       items that acculturate children into the symbols, customs and artifacts of mainstream American society.

4.       Water, sand, mud, dough, and clay are

          a.   manipulative materials.

          b.   only appropriate for use in the outdoors.

          c.   sensory materials.

          d.   inappropriate in early childhood program.

5.      Literacy experiences in a preschool or primary classrooms

a.       can be integrated into various centers in the room (e.g. dramatic play, blocks, discovery center).

b.      take place only in the library and writing centers.

c.       are best accomplished through large group reading and structured writing experiences.

6.       Children's need for privacy can best be provided for by

          a.   informing parents of how important it is so they can provide for it at home where it is more appropriate.

          b.   the creation of private spaces in your class by using big boxes, a cover over a table and secluded corners for one or two children.

          c.   ensuring children have their quiet private time at rest time.

7        Television programs are

          a.   not recommended for infants, toddlers, and younger preschoolers because of their potentially damaging effects.

b.      allowable in early childhood programs for the first hour each morning and the last hour each day to ease the children into and out of the school day and to give the staff time to set-up and clean-up.

c.       acceptable for children as young as 2 years old if they have educational merit (e.g. Baby Einstein videos).

Short Answer-

8       Explain 3 of the Jones’s dimensions of teaching-learning environments and provide examples of materials or equipment for each of the dimensions you mention.