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Sunday, 07 October 2012 13:47

A few milestones- infant/toddler

Written by David Sheppard
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Age


Mastered Skills (most kids can do)


Emerging Skills (half of kids can do)


Advanced Skills (a few kids can do)

1 month

Liftshead when lying on tummy
Responds to sound
Stares at faces

• Follows objects briefly with eyes
• Vocalizes: oohs and aahs
• Can seeblack-and-white patterns

Smiles,laughs
• Holds head at 45-degree angle

2 months

• Vocalizes: gurgles and coos
• Follows objects across field of vision
• Notices his hands
Holds head up forshort periods

Smiles,laughs
• Holds head at 45-degree angle
• Makes smoother movements

Holdshead steady
• Can bear weight on legs
• Lifts head and shoulders when lying on tummy (mini-pushup)

3 months

Recognizesyour face and scent
Holds head steady
• Visually tracks moving objects

• Squeals, gurgles, coos
• Blows bubbles
• Recognizes your voice
• Does mini-pushup

Rollsover, from tummy to back
• Turns toward loud sounds
• Can bring hands together, bats at toys

4 months

Smiles,laughs
• Can bear weight on legs
• Coos when you talk to him

• Can graspa toy
Rolls over, fromtummy to back

Imitatessounds: "baba," "dada"
Cuts first tooth
• May be ready for solidfoods

5 months

Distinguishesbetween bold colors
• Plays with his hands and feet

• Recognizes own name
Turns toward newsounds
Rolls over inboth directions

• Sits momentarily without support
• Mouths objects
Separation anxietymay begin

6 months

• Turns toward sounds and voices
Imitates sounds
Rolls over inboth directions

Isready for solid foods
• Sits without support
• Mouths objects
• Passes objects fromhand to hand

• Lunges forward or starts crawling
Jabbers orcombines syllables
Drags objects towardhimself

           



Mastered Skills (most kids can do)


Emerging Skills (half of kids can do)


Advanced Skills (a few kids can do)

7 months

Sitswithout support
Drags objectstoward herself

• Lunges forward or starts crawling
Jabbers orcombines syllables
• Starts to experience strangeranxiety

• Waves goodbye
Stands whileholding onto something
• Bangs objects together
• Begins to understand objectpermanence

8 months

• Says "mama" and "dada" to both parents(isn't specific)
• Passes objects fromhand to hand

Standswhile holding onto something
Crawls
• Points at objects
• Searches for hiddenobjects

• Pulls self to standing, cruises
• Picks things up with thumb-finger pincer grasp
• Indicates wants with gestures

9 months

Standswhile holding onto something
Jabbers orcombines syllables
• Understands objectpermanence

Cruiseswhile holding onto furniture
• Drinks from a sippycup
Eats with fingers
• Bangs objects together

• Plays patty-cake and peek-a-boo
• Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent

10 months

• Waves goodbye
• Picks things up with pincergrasp
Crawls well, withbelly off the ground

• Says "mama" and "dada" to the correctparent
• Indicates wants with gestures

Standsalone for a couple of seconds
• Puts objects into a container

11 months

• Says "mama" and "dada" to the correctparent
• Plays patty-cake and peek-a-boo
Stands alone fora couple of seconds
Cruises

Understands"no" and simple instructions
• Puts objects into a container

• Says one word besides"mama" and "dada"
• Stoops from standing position

12 months

Imitatesothers' activities
• Indicates wants with gestures

• Takes a few steps
• Says one wordbesides "mama" and "dada"

Walksalone
Scribbles with acrayon
• Says two wordsbesides "mama" and "dada"

Child's Age


Mastered Skills (most kids can do)


Emerging Skills (half of kids can do)


Advanced Skills (a few kids can do)

13months

• Uses two words skillfully(e.g., "hi" and "bye")
Bends over andpicks up an object

• Enjoys gazing at his reflection
• Holds out arm or leg to help you dress him

• Combines words and gestures to make needs known
• Rolls a ball back and forth

14months

Eatswith fingers
• Empties containers of contents
Imitates others

Toddleswell
• Initiates games
• Points to one body part when asked
• Responds to instructions (e.g., "give me a kiss")

• Uses a spoonor fork
• Matches lids with appropriate containers
Pushes and pullstoys while walking

15months

• Plays with ball
• Uses three wordsregularly
Walks backward

Scribbleswith a crayon
• Runs
• Adopts "no" as his favorite word

"Helps"around the house
• Puts his fingers to his mouth and says "shhh"

16months

• Turns the pages of a book
• Has temper tantrumswhen frustrated
• Becomes attached to a soft toy or other object

• Discovers the joy of climbing
• Stacks three blocks
• Uses spoon or fork
• Learns the correct way to use common objects (e.g., the telephone)

Takesoff one piece of clothing by himself
• Gets finicky aboutfood
• Switches from twonaps to one

17months

• Uses six words regularly
• Enjoys pretend games
• Likes riding toys

Feedsdoll
Speaks moreclearly
Throws a ballunderhand

• Dances to music
• Sorts toys by color, shape, or size
Kicks ballforward

18months

• Will "read"board books on his own
Scribbles well

• Strings two words together in phrases
Brushes teethwith help
• Stacks four blocks

Throwsa ball overhand
• Takes toys apart and puts them back together
• Shows signs of toilettraining readiness


Child's Age


Mastered Skills (most kids can do)


Emerging Skills (half of kids can do)


Advanced Skills (a few kids can do)

19months

• Uses a spoonand fork
• Runs
Throws a ballunderhand
• Enjoys helping around the house

• Understands as many as 200 words
• Recognizes when something is wrong (e.g., calling a dog a cat)

Washesand dries own hands with help
• Points to picture or object when you call it by name
• May know when sheneeds to pee

20months

Feedsdoll
Takes off own clothes
• Dumps an object in imitation, such as throwing garbage away

Learnswords at a rate of ten or more a day
• Can walk up stairs(but probably not down)

• May start exploring genitals
Draws a straightline
• Names several body parts

21months

• Can walkup stairs
• Able to set simple goals (e.g., deciding to put a toy in a certain place)

Throwsa ball overhand
Kicks ballforward
• Stacks six blocks

• Names simple picture in a book
• Can walk down stairs

22months

Kicksball forward
• Follows two-steprequests (e.g., "Get your doll and bring it here")

• Does simple puzzles
Draws a straightline
• Names several body parts

Putson loose-fitting clothes
• Might be ready for a bigbed
• Understands opposites (e.g., tall vs. short)

23months

• Names simple picture in a book
• Uses 50 to 70 words

• Opens doors
Sings simple tunes
• Takes more of an interest in playing with other kids

• Talks about self (likes, dislikes)
• Asks "why?"

24months

• Names at least six body parts
• Half of speech is understandable
• Makes two- tothree-word sentences

• Talks about self
• Arranges things in categories
• Can walk down stairs

• Begins to understand abstract concepts (e.g., sooner andlater)
• Becomes attuned to gender differences


• Learns to jump






























 

Last modified on Sunday, 07 October 2012 13:50