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Wednesday, 21 September 2011 16:34

notes chapter 4

Written by David Sheppard
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      Chapter 4       

      RUNNING RECORDS

      Same writing technique as Anecdotal Records

      Detailed account of what is observed – who, what, where, when

      EXCEPT this is a sample or a specimen, so it is not an event but just an observation of 510 minutes of ordinary behavior with all details included

      Uses of Running Records

Advantages

      Details a segment of normal behavior

      Open method, including details

      Indicators of many areas of development

Disadvantages

 

      Child may feel “watched” and

 change behavior

 

      Segment may not show

 normal behavior

 

      Adult’s attention is focused on writing

      What to Do with It

      File in child’s portfolio/folder.

      Use for planning and individualizing curriculum.

      Share with child and family.

      Use to document child’s normal (or unusual) behavior.

      LOOKING AT
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Need for Selfless Society

Theories of Social Development and Implications on Early Childhood Practice

         Erikson – Eight Stages of Man

         Piaget – Cognitive theory and social conventional

         Behaviorists – Learned behavior

         Maslow – Hierarchy of Needs

   Hartup – Peer Relationships

      Stages of Social Development

      Types of Play

      Solitary – Alone, occupied with play

      Parallel – Alongside another

      Associative – Related play theme

      Cooperative – Sharing materials and sustaining play theme

      Play’s Place in Development

      Physical – Muscle practice,

 coordination

      Emotional – Replay life

experiences, outlet


for feelings

      Creative – Experimentation,

 imagination

      Intellectual – Classification,

 problem solving

      Language – Vocabulary,

 humor, function in social situations

      Social – Sharing, negotiating,

 gender roles

      HELPING ALL CHILDREN WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

      Children with Special Needs

     Adaptations

      Environment

      Social facilitation

      Activities

      Multicultural Environment, Materials, Books, Activities, Social Interactions

      Standards Related to
 Social Development

National Council for the Social

 Studies (1994).  Expectations

of Excellence:  Curriculum

Standards for Social Studies

Standard IV. Individual

Development and Identity

The teacher will:

      assist learners as they work

independently and

cooperatively within groups

 and institutions to accomplish goals.