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Thursday, 25 October 2012 11:15

Practice test-- study guide-test 2

Written by David Sheppard
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PRACTICE TEST

1.  Biological determined, for example either boy or girl, male or female:  a. sex b. role c. androgny d. sexual orientation e. gender

2. The term that refers to the psychological and social qualities that are applied to being a male or a female.  a. sex b. role c. heredity d. sexual orientation e. gender

 3. The ability to correctly label own gender, and to identify others as boys/men and girls/women    a. sex b. gender role c. gender constancy d. sexual orientation e. gender identity

4. ___________development: Is the process thought which children acquire the characteristics and behaviors prescribed for males and females in their culture.  a. sex b. gender role c. gender constancy d. sexual orientation e. f. gender identity

5. Jorge realizes that he is a boy, and that he will be a boy all his life: Jose is demonstrating :  a. gender confussion b. gender role c. gender constancy d. sexual orientation e. gender identity  * 

                7. By age _____, children typically begin to assign occupations, toys and activities to the stereotypical gender.: a. 1 b. 7 c.3 d. 5

8. By age ___ most children begin to associate personality traits with being males and female.: a. 1 b. 7 c.3 d. 5  * 

9.  T or F: By age 3, children tend to prefer own-sex playmates and are more sociable with same sex children   *

10. The theory that holds that children behaviors and attitudes regarding gender are shaped through direct reinforcement and modeling is the: a. Social Learning theory b. Gender Heredity theory c. Sexual Identity theory d. Social-analytic theory *

11.   T/F:  Parents respond more positively when their child’s play is sex-typed (girls play with ‘girl toys’ and boys play with’ boy toys’)   *

12. T/F: In general, parents allow boys more freedom to engage in play with toys that are more typically associated with the opposite sex. *

13. T/F: Mothers tend to be more uncomfortable than fathers with their boys exhibiting ‘girlish behavior’  *

14. T/F: According to our author, as a teacher of 4 year olds, it is important that you do not let the boys play dress-up with scarves and women’s hats because it can confuse them.  *

15. T/F: Research has shown that children start to identify themselves as ‘gay’ or ‘lesbian’ by the age of6 years. *

16. T/F: Research has concluded that parenting styles strongly influences whether the child will grow up to be ‘gay’ or ‘straight’. *

17. The term _______________refers to exhibiting qualities associated with both males and females.: a. gay b. bi-sexual  c. androgyny d. gynecology *

18. A child who is born a boy. But feels psychologically that they are a girl would be termed: a. gay b. transgender c. sexual stereotype d. bi-sexual *  

19. You are a teacher in a 4 year old classroom and you notice the boys rarely come to the dramatic play area, and the girls rarely play in the block area. – What are some changes you could make to have both boys and girls in both areas?

1 In regards to those with special needs, what does the IDEA stand for:

_______________ _____________ _____________ ____________

 2. True or False: The focus of the IDEA is on children in preschool to 3rd grade. ____

3 True or False: The IDEA states that all young children with special needs must be placed full-time in the general education classroom with peers without disabilities.

  The _________ Restrictive Environment mandate insures that schools educate students with disabilities in integrated settings, alongside students with and without disabilities, to the maximum extent appropriate.

a. Most b. Least c. Diversity d. Sensory

5 In reference to children with special needs, what does IEP stand for?

A. Individualized Education Plan B. Independent Education Profile

 C.Immediate Emergency Plan D. Inter-Education Protection

6 The most common form of disability is _________________ disability.

a. Austim b. a learning disability c. ADHD d. a sensory

7 ___________________, which refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with this disorder usually experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words.

a. Dyselxia b. Austims c. Dysphonia d. Amnesia d. Anemia

 8. People who have _____________ deficit____________-____________ disorder have trouble paying attention in school, at home or at work.

They may be much more active and/or impulsive than what is usual for their age. These behaviors contribute to significant problems in relationships, learning and behavior.

 9 The ________________ with____________Act (ADA) of 1992 is civil rights legislation designed to protect people with mental or physical disabilities from discrimination based upon that disability.

 10 When we focus on the inclusion of children with special needs into the classroom, we want to put emphasis on establishing a sense of :

(a) Humor ( b) Belonging (c) Restrictiveness (d) Performance  _____

11 Some children have emotional or psychological disorders that affect their ability to make and maintain relationships, control their feelings or moods, understand right from wrong, or refrain from physical aggression toward themselves or others. 

12 An example of an emotional disorder would be a child who suffers from severe ____________ ( depression----dyslexia—vision impairment

13 ________ refers to a neurological disorders that affects a child's language development, social development, and ability to understand or respond to sensory input.  a. Autism b. Down syndrome c. Blindness D. Dyslexia

 14. T/F: Research has shown that the disorder referred to in the last question is the result of childhood vaccines.____ 

 15 PTSD stands for Post traumatic __________ disorder. (Stress, SES, School, Sponge B ob)

16 . Please name two common sensory impairments . ___________________ impairment and __________________--impairment

 17 T/F: . You are a teacher in a preschool and you want to increase your student’s sensitivity to those who have special needs. You might bring in a wheelchair and allow children to experience moving around in the chair

 18  SES stands for _________________ ________________ _____________

19 A __________ collar worker would more likely work in an occupation that requires manual labor== A ___________collar worker would describe those who work in a ‘professional’ occupation—an example of a blue collar worker__________, an example of a white collar worker ________________ ( White… Blue)

 20 Most people in America fall in the SES category of __________class. 9 LOWER, MIDDLE, UPPER)

21 The age group most likely to experience poverty are _______ children- The percentage of children in poverty has ___creased in recent years.

 22 A family of 4 is considered to live in poverty if they make under $_____,000.00 a year ( 22,   30,   40,   10 )

 23 The gender most likely to live in poverty is _______________

 24 Women in the corporate world sometimes find themselves bumping into the _______ ceiling. ( glass,   stone,  high,  painted )

  25 The number of homeless children in American schools has ___creased in recent years.

26 In classrooms where there are boys and girls, girls tend to get more or less attention from the teachers then boys.

 27 In early childhood, in terms of physical and cognitive functioning boys and girls are quite ( similar---different)

 28.  SES can relate to; a. The schools students attend   b. Restaurants you eat in

c. The community in which you live  d. All of the above

29. SES serves as a composite of the economic status of a family or unrelated individuals on the basis of

a. Occupation  b. Wealth  c. Educational attainment   d. All of these

 31. A family’s SES is; e. Always measurable  f. Hard to observe

g. Usually observable   h. Never noticed

 32 What is most likely to be a condition of the young, persons of color, women, full-time workers in low status jobs, and the illiterate?

i. Poverty   j. Inherited wealth

k. College education  l. All of these

 33 As a group, women earn less and are more likely to suffer from poverty than  men?   True False

34  Which is an example of child/person first language?:

a. The Down syndrome girl is sitting at the table  

b. Melissa, who has Down syndrome, is sitting at the table

 REMEMBER: We want to see students as individuals rather than as members of a specific socioeconomic group

 _________________________________

Gender vs sex

Androgeny

Gender identity

Gender constancy

Gender and social learning

Encouraging equal participation

Parent’s influence on gender roles

Homosexuality/gay/lesbian-challenges

Bi-sexual

Transgender

Exceptionality- types

Dyslexia

ADHA

Autism

Depression/anxiety

Child/person first language

 sensitivity to language used

ADA

IDEA

Least restrictive environment

IEP

Experience of minority children

SES/class-components

White/blue collar

Poverty level

Poverty and children

Poverty and women

Poverty and minorities

Children and homelessness

 

Last modified on Thursday, 25 October 2012 11:17