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Laura Semmes

Laura Semmes

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Thursday, 03 May 2012 14:16

Chapter 13

Wednesday, 30 November 2011 22:10

Final Exam Study Guide Chapters 9-11, 13

 

Sociology 101

                                                              Ms. Semmes

 Final Study Guide (Chapters 9-11, 13)

Make sure to know the vocabulary and theories we covered!

Chapter 9: Race and Ethnicity as Lived Experience

What does it mean to say that race is socially constructed?

What is the definition of race? How does it differ from the definition for ethnicity?

What is symbolic ethnicity? How does it differ from situational ethnicity?

What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination?

What is racism? How are individual discrimination and institutional discrimination different? 

What is a minority group? What factors give a group minority status?

What is racial passing? Why would someone feel they need to pass?

What is genocide? What is internal colonialism and how is it associated with segregation? What is population transfer? How do majority/minority group relationships differ in each situation?

What is assimilation? What is pluralism (multiculturalism)?

Chapter 10: Constructing Gender and Sexuality

Essentialists vs. constructionists-how do they each see gender identity differently?   What group challenges our binary categorization of male/female?

The functionalist perspective and instrumental and expressive roles in the family? Who is better suited for each, according to the functionalist perspective?

What is the feminization of poverty?  What does it mean for women?

What is gender role socialization?  How is it exhibited? What are the agents of socialization?

What is feminism? What is the first wave of feminism associated with?  The second wave? The third wave? What were the accomplishments of each?

What was the pro-feminist men’s movement? How was it different from the men’s rights movement? Which one supported feminism?  How did they support it?

Why were Kinsey’s studies on sexual orientation groundbreaking?

Chapter 11: The Macro-Micro Link in Social Institutions: Politics, Education, and Religion

What is authoritarianism? What is totalitarianism? What does it mean for citizens?

What is a monarchy? How is power passed from one leader to the next? 

What is democracy? What are some of its features?

What does disenfranchisement mean? What rights are taken away?

What is pluralism? What is the power-elite perspective?  Where is power concentrated with the power-elite perspective?

What are special interest groups, political action committees (PACs) and 527 committees? What is their role in the political process?  How are they similar and different from each other?

What is the function of tracking in education? 

What is the hidden curriculum? What lessons does it include?

Jonathan Kozol’s Savage Inequalities- How is inequality maintained in poor neighborhoods?

Randall Collins’ The Credential Society-How is the function of schools related to the work world?

What are charter schools?

What are school vouchers? What are their benefits and potential drawbacks?

Chapter 13: Life at Home

Understand the sociological definition of the family. 

What is the difference between endogamy and exogamy? Why is endogamy more common?

Know the difference between monogamy, polygamy.  Know the difference between polygyny and polyandry.

What are the differences in how functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism view the family?

Understand the current trends surrounding divorce and remarriage.

What is the second shift? 

Explain the different types of domestic violence and the cycle of violence.

Who is likely to gain custody of children after a divorce?  How does economic social mobility play a role for single mothers after a divorce?

Wednesday, 30 November 2011 22:07

Chapter 11

Thursday, 17 November 2011 21:35

Chapter 10

Tuesday, 08 November 2011 17:06

Chapter 9

Sunday, 23 October 2011 18:35

Exam 2 Study Guide

 

Sociology 101

Chapters 5-8

Make sure to know the vocabulary and theories we covered!!

Chapter 5

What is socialization? What is the self?

What is Freud’s conception of self? What are the id, ego, and superego?

What is the looking-glass self?  How does one experience the looking-glass self?

How did Mead conceptualize the self? What is the difference in learning ability between the preparatory, play and game stages? What is the generalized other? At what stage does it come in?

Goffman’s idea of impression management (including the front, personal front, region, frontstage, backstage, etc…)

What are the four agents of socialization? What are their roles in our lives?

What is a total institution? What is resocialization?

What is the difference between a status and role? What’s the difference between role conflict and role strain?

Chapter 6

What is a group?  What is a crowd?  What is an aggregate?  Be able to give examples

 

What is a primary group? What is a secondary group?

 

What is a social network?  What are social ties?  How can social networks be of benefit to you in society?

 

What is a reference group?  Why are they important to our sense of self?

 

What is group cohesion?  What variables lead to cohesion in a group?

 

What is groupthink?  How can groupthink be bad?

 

What is social influence?  How do groups contribute to social influence?  Know the difference between prescriptions and proscriptions.

 

What is compliance?  What is identification?  What is internalization?  Be able to give examples of these 3 types of conformity

 

Know the difference between coercive and influential power

 

Describe the 3 types of authority mentioned in the text:  traditional, legal-rational and charismatic

 

What is a bureaucracy?  Know the 6 characteristics of a bureaucracy

 

Chapter 7

 

What is deviance? What are some ways to punish deviant acts besides imprisonment?

 

According to the Functionalist theory, what two purposes does deviance serve in our society?

 

How does the Conflict theory explain deviance in our society?

 

What is the structural-strain theory of deviance? Be able to give examples of how innovators, ritualists, retreatists and rebels deal with strain in society

 

What is the Differential-Association theory of deviance?

 

What is the Labeling theory of deviance?  How does the self-fulfilling prophecy play a role?

 

 What is the difference between primary and secondary deviation?

 

What is a stigma?  Know the 3 types of stigma discussed in the textbook

 

What is passing?  What is in-group orientation?

 

What is crime?  What is the Uniform Crime Report?  What is violent crime?  What are the most common types of violent crime? What is property crime?  What are the most common types of property crime?

What is white collar crime?

 

How do class, race, gender and age influence crimes committed?  What is desistance?

 

Chapter 8

 

What is social stratification? What are the three types of social stratification and how do they differ?

 

What are the different social classes that exist in the U.S.?  What kinds of professions are found at each level? What are status inconsistencies?

 

What role did the Industrial Revolution play in Karl Marx’s idea of class?

 

What is prestige? What role did it play in how Max Weber characterized class?

 

Bordieu’s ideas of social reproduction and cultural capital

 

How do life chances differ with education, work, criminal justice, family and health?

 

What is social mobility? What are intergenerational and intragenerational mobility? What is the difference between horizontal and vertical social mobility? What is structural mobility?

 

 What is the difference between absolute and relative deprivation?

 

What is meant by the phrase “culture of poverty”?  What is the just-world hypothesis? What is disenfranchisement?

Sunday, 23 October 2011 18:31

Chapter 8

Tuesday, 18 October 2011 17:45

Chapter 7

Sunday, 09 October 2011 16:27

Chapter 6

Monday, 03 October 2011 22:33

Chapter 5

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