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Sunday, 23 October 2011 18:35

Exam 2 Study Guide Featured

Written by Laura Semmes
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Sociology 101

Chapters 5-8

Make sure to know the vocabulary and theories we covered!!

Chapter 5

What is socialization? What is the self?

What is Freud’s conception of self? What are the id, ego, and superego?

What is the looking-glass self?  How does one experience the looking-glass self?

How did Mead conceptualize the self? What is the difference in learning ability between the preparatory, play and game stages? What is the generalized other? At what stage does it come in?

Goffman’s idea of impression management (including the front, personal front, region, frontstage, backstage, etc…)

What are the four agents of socialization? What are their roles in our lives?

What is a total institution? What is resocialization?

What is the difference between a status and role? What’s the difference between role conflict and role strain?

Chapter 6

What is a group?  What is a crowd?  What is an aggregate?  Be able to give examples

 

What is a primary group? What is a secondary group?

 

What is a social network?  What are social ties?  How can social networks be of benefit to you in society?

 

What is a reference group?  Why are they important to our sense of self?

 

What is group cohesion?  What variables lead to cohesion in a group?

 

What is groupthink?  How can groupthink be bad?

 

What is social influence?  How do groups contribute to social influence?  Know the difference between prescriptions and proscriptions.

 

What is compliance?  What is identification?  What is internalization?  Be able to give examples of these 3 types of conformity

 

Know the difference between coercive and influential power

 

Describe the 3 types of authority mentioned in the text:  traditional, legal-rational and charismatic

 

What is a bureaucracy?  Know the 6 characteristics of a bureaucracy

 

Chapter 7

 

What is deviance? What are some ways to punish deviant acts besides imprisonment?

 

According to the Functionalist theory, what two purposes does deviance serve in our society?

 

How does the Conflict theory explain deviance in our society?

 

What is the structural-strain theory of deviance? Be able to give examples of how innovators, ritualists, retreatists and rebels deal with strain in society

 

What is the Differential-Association theory of deviance?

 

What is the Labeling theory of deviance?  How does the self-fulfilling prophecy play a role?

 

 What is the difference between primary and secondary deviation?

 

What is a stigma?  Know the 3 types of stigma discussed in the textbook

 

What is passing?  What is in-group orientation?

 

What is crime?  What is the Uniform Crime Report?  What is violent crime?  What are the most common types of violent crime? What is property crime?  What are the most common types of property crime?

What is white collar crime?

 

How do class, race, gender and age influence crimes committed?  What is desistance?

 

Chapter 8

 

What is social stratification? What are the three types of social stratification and how do they differ?

 

What are the different social classes that exist in the U.S.?  What kinds of professions are found at each level? What are status inconsistencies?

 

What role did the Industrial Revolution play in Karl Marx’s idea of class?

 

What is prestige? What role did it play in how Max Weber characterized class?

 

Bordieu’s ideas of social reproduction and cultural capital

 

How do life chances differ with education, work, criminal justice, family and health?

 

What is social mobility? What are intergenerational and intragenerational mobility? What is the difference between horizontal and vertical social mobility? What is structural mobility?

 

 What is the difference between absolute and relative deprivation?

 

What is meant by the phrase “culture of poverty”?  What is the just-world hypothesis? What is disenfranchisement?

Last modified on Sunday, 23 October 2011 18:37