Wednesday, 21 September 2011 20:50

Exam 1 Study Guide Ch. 1-4 Featured

Written by Laura Semmes
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Sociology 101

Ms. Semmes

Study Guide Chapters 1-4

Make sure to understand all vocabulary and theories discussed in the chapters.


Chapter 1: Sociology and the Real World


What is the Sociological Imagination?

Macrosociology and microsociology-How do they study sociology differently?

Quantitative and qualitative methods

Difference between the glass escalator effect and glass ceiling effect and who is affected by each one


Chapter 2: Sociology’s Family Tree: Theories and Theorists

Auguste Comte

Karl Marx and know the tenets of conflict theory

            Proletariat, Bourgeoisie, Alienation and  Class Consciousness

What does it mean to “own the means of production?” What does it mean to experience “worker


alienation?”  How do they relate to social inequality?


Emile Durkheim and know the tenets of Structural-functional theory

            Anomie, Suicide, Mechanical and Organic Solidarity-how are they different

Max Weber

            Iron Cage, bureaucracies and rationalization

Symbolic Interactionism

            Mead and language & Goffman and Dramaturgy



Chapter 3: Studying Social Life: Sociological Research Methods           

Understand the steps of the scientific method

Ethnography and participant observation

            Why does an ethnographer need access? Why does an ethnographer take fieldnotes?

What are interviews?

What is quantitative data?  What is qualitative data?


What are surveys?  Why is the wording of the questions on surveys so important?


What is an experiment?  What is a hypothesis? Know the definitions of both the independent and


dependent variables in an experiment and which one causes change



Chapter 4: Cultural Crossroads

What is culture? How is it learned?

What is ethnocentrism? Cultural relativism?

What is the difference between material and symbolic culture?

Forms of communication: signs, gestures, and language

Norms-Laws, Mores, Folkways-what’s the difference in enforcement?

What is the difference in power between the dominant culture and subcultures and countercultures?

Polysemy and interpretive communities

Technology’s role in spreading material culture/cultural imperialism