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Tuesday, 13 September 2011 07:33

Chapter 3 and 4 Review

Written by Robert Gallegos
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CIS 212 Fall 2011
Review of Chapters

3 Web Page Construction: building blocks
4 A Trip to Webville: getting connected

Chapter 3 Review

Quote element: Short quote that apart of an existing paragraph.

Syntax: <q>Content</q>

Blockquote: meant for longer quotes that need to be displayed on their own.

Syntax: <blockquote>Content</blockquote>

Break: creates a break between lines of content.

Syntax: <br> (Does not need a closing tag because it is an “empty” element.

Horizontal Rule: creates a solid line across your webpage.

Syntax: <hr> (Does not need a closing tag because it is an “empty” element.

List: defines an item that is apart of your content.

Syntax: <li>Content</li>  is nested within the an ordered or unordered tag element.

Ordered List: defines a list of item in a specific way. Usually in numerical order.

Syntax: <ol></ol>  has the element <li>(content)</li> nested within it.

Example:         <ol>

                                    <li>Content</li>

                                    <li>Content</li>

                        </ol>

Unordered List: defines a list of items. Usually has a bullet by each item in list.

Syntax: <ul></ul>  has the element <li>(content)</li> nested within it.

Example:         <ul>

                                    <li>Content</li>

                                    <li>Content</li>

                        </ul>

Definition List: defines a list of item in a specific way. Has breaks before and after items

Syntax: <dl></dl>  has the element <dt>(content)</dt> and <dd>(content)</dd> nested within it.

Example:         <dl>

                                    <dt>Term</dt>

                                                <dd>Term definition</dd>

                        </dl>

Character Entities: Use entities for special characters in your HTML document.

Syntax:            <          = &lt;

                        >          =&gt;

                        &         =&amp;

For a more exhaustive list, use this URL:

            http://www.unicode.org/charts/

Chapter 4 Review

Domain name: Unique name that is used to locate your website. Controlled by Centralized Authority, called ICANN. Makes sure that only one person at a time uses a domain name.

FTP: Stands for FileTransfer Protocol. Used to transfer data from your computer to a server.

SFTP: Stands for SecureFile Transfer Protocol. Used to securely transfer data from your computer to a server. Safer to use than regular F.T.P. mostly if you are transmitting sensitive/personal information.

URL: Stands for UniversalRemote Locator. A global address that can be used to locate information on the web.

There are 3 parts to a U.R.L.

The first part tells you the protocol that needs to be used to retrieve the resource. Example: http://

The second part is the web site name. Example: www.starbuzzcoffee.com

The third part is the absolute path to the resource from the root folder. Example: /index.html

HTTP: Stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol. A agreed upon method for transferring hypertext documents around the web.

Absolute Path: tells the server how to get from your root folder to a particular page or file.

Creating Web Links: connects web pages together. The very foundation of the world wide web.

Syntax:            <a href=“path of link”>content</a>

Adding Titles To Your Links: (Info tool tip) Displays information as you roll over a link.

Syntax:            <a href=“path of link” title=“textual description of the page you are linking to”>content</a>

Landing Point or Destination Link: Links into a particular spot in your web site.

Link within your own web site.

Syntax:            <a id=“top”>content</a>                            (place this where you are landing / destination)

                        <a href=“index.html#top”>content</a>      (place where you will be launching from)

Open a New Target Window: Opens a new window

Syntax:            <a target=“_blank” href=“index.html#”>content</a>